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Common Mistakes while Using Jetpack Compose

Common Mistakes while Using Jetpack Compose

Jetpack Compose has revolutionized the way we build user interfaces for Android applications. With its declarative syntax and efficient UI updates, it offers a fresh approach to UI development. However, like any technology, using Jetpack Compose effectively requires a solid understanding of its principles and potential pitfalls.

In this blog, we'll explore some common mistakes developers might make when working with Jetpack Compose and how to avoid them.

Mistake 1: Incorrect Usage of Modifier Order

Modifiers in Jetpack Compose are used to apply various transformations and styling to UI elements. However, the order in which you apply these modifiers matters. For example, consider the following code:

    text = "Hello, World!",
    modifier = Modifier

In this code, the padding modifier is applied before the background modifier. This means the background color might not be applied as expected because the padding could cover it up. To fix this, reverse the order of the modifiers:

    text = "Hello, World!",
    modifier = Modifier

Always make sure to carefully order your modifiers based on the effect you want to achieve.

Mistake 2: Excessive Re-Composition

One of the key advantages of Jetpack Compose is its ability to automatically handle UI updates through recomposition. However, excessive recomposition can lead to performance issues. Avoid unnecessary recomposition by ensuring that only the parts of the UI that actually need to be updated are recomposed.

Avoid using functions with side effects, such as network requests or database queries, directly within a composable function. Instead, use the remember and derivedStateOf functions to manage state and perform these operations outside the composable scope.

val data by remember { mutableStateOf(fetchData()) }

Mistake 3: Misusing State Management in Jetpack Compose

Jetpack Compose provides several options for managing state, such as mutableStateOf, remember, and viewModel. Choosing the right state management approach for your use case is crucial.

Using mutableStateOf inappropriately can lead to unexpected behavior. For instance, avoid using mutableStateOf for complex objects like lists. Instead, use the state parameter of the LazyColumn or LazyRow composables.

    state = rememberLazyListState(),
    content = { /* items here */ }

For more advanced scenarios, consider using the viewModel and stateFlow combination, which provides a solid architecture for managing state across different parts of your application.

Mistake 4: Ignoring Composable Constraints

Composables in Jetpack Compose are designed to be flexible and responsive to layout constraints. Ignoring these constraints can lead to UI elements overflowing or not being displayed correctly.

When working with layouts like Column or Row, ensure that you specify the modifier correctly to ensure proper spacing and alignment. Additionally, use the weight modifier to distribute available space proportionally among child elements.

    modifier = Modifier.fillMaxHeight(),
    verticalArrangement = Arrangement.SpaceBetween
) {
    Text("Top Text")
    Text("Bottom Text")

Mistake 5: Inefficient List Handling

Working with lists in Jetpack Compose is quite different from traditional Android views. Mistakes can arise from using the wrong composables or inefficiently handling list updates.

Prefer using LazyColumn and LazyRow for lists, as they load only the visible items, resulting in better performance for larger lists. Use the items parameter of LazyColumn to efficiently render dynamic lists:

LazyColumn {
    items(itemsList) { item ->
        Text(text = item)

When updating lists, avoid using the += or -= operators with mutable lists. Instead, use the appropriate list modification functions to ensure proper recomposition:

val updatedList = currentList.toMutableList()


Jetpack Compose is an exciting technology that simplifies UI development for Android applications. However, avoiding common mistakes is essential for a smooth development experience and optimal performance. By understanding and addressing the issues outlined in this guide, you can make the most out of Jetpack Compose and create stunning, efficient user interfaces for your Android apps.

Remember, learning from mistakes is part of the development journey. Happy coding with Jetpack Compose!

Happy Coding!

Note: The code snippets provided in this blog are for illustrative purposes and might not represent complete working examples. Always refer to the official Jetpack Compose documentation for accurate and up-to-date information.

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