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  • Writer's pictureRobin Alex Panicker

End-to-End Testing of Flutter Apps with flutter_driver


End-to-End Testing of Flutter Apps with flutter_driver

End-to-end (E2E) testing is a critical part of the app development process. It helps ensure that your Flutter app functions correctly from the user's perspective, simulating real-world interactions and scenarios. Flutter provides a powerful tool called flutter_driver for performing E2E testing.


In this blog post, we will delve into the world of flutter_driver and learn how to effectively perform E2E testing for your Flutter app.


1. Introduction to flutter_driver


flutter_driver is a Flutter package that allows you to write and execute E2E tests on your Flutter app. It provides APIs for interacting with the app and querying the widget tree. The tests are written in Dart and can simulate user interactions, such as tapping buttons, entering text, and verifying UI elements' states.


2. Setting up the Test Environment


To get started with E2E testing using flutter_driver, follow these steps:


Step 1: Add Dependencies


In your pubspec.yaml file, add the following dependencies:

dev_dependencies:
  flutter_driver:
    sdk: flutter
    test: any


Step 2: Create a Test Driver File


Create a Dart file (e.g., app_test.dart) in your test directory. This file will define your E2E tests.


Step 3: Start the Test App


Before running E2E tests, you need to start your app in a special mode that's suitable for testing. Run the following command in your terminal:

flutter drive --target=test_driver/app.dart


3. Writing E2E Tests


Let's create a simple E2E test to demonstrate the capabilities of flutter_driver. Our test scenario will involve tapping a button and verifying that a specific text appears.

import 'package:flutter_driver/flutter_driver.dart';
import 'package:test/test.dart';

void main() {
  group('App E2E Test', () {
    FlutterDriver driver;

    // Connect to the Flutter app before running the tests.
    setUpAll(() async {
      driver = await FlutterDriver.connect();
    });

    // Close the connection to the Flutter app after tests are done.
    tearDownAll(() async {
      if (driver != null) {
        driver.close();
      }
    });

    test('Verify Button Tap', () async {
      // Find the button by its label.
      final buttonFinder = find.byValueKey('myButton');

      // Tap the button.
      await driver.tap(buttonFinder);

      // Find the text by its value.
      final textFinder = find.text('Button Tapped');

      // Verify that the expected text appears.
      expect(await driver.getText(textFinder), 'Button Tapped');
    });
  });
}


In this example, we've defined a simple test that interacts with a button and verifies the appearance of specific text.


4. Running E2E Tests


Run your E2E tests using the following command:

flutter drive --target=test_driver/app.dart


This will execute the tests defined in your app_test.dart file.


5. Analyzing Test Results


After the tests have run, the terminal will display the test results. You'll see information about passed and failed tests, along with any error messages or stack traces.


6. Best Practices for E2E Testing


  • Isolation: E2E tests should be independent of each other and the testing environment. Avoid relying on the state of previous tests.

  • Use Keys: Assign keys to widgets that you want to interact with in E2E tests. This helps maintain stability even when widget positions change.

  • Clear States: Ensure your app is in a known state before each test. This may involve resetting the app's state or navigating to a specific screen.

  • Regular Maintenance: E2E tests can become fragile if not maintained. Update tests when UI changes occur to prevent false positives/negatives.

  • Limit Flakiness: Use await judiciously to ensure the app has stabilized before performing verifications. This can help reduce test flakiness.

E2E testing with flutter_driver is a powerful way to ensure the quality of your Flutter apps. By writing comprehensive tests that mimic user interactions, you can catch bugs and regressions early in the development process, leading to a more robust and reliable app.


In this blog post, we've covered the basics of setting up flutter_driver, writing tests, running them, and best practices to follow. With this knowledge, you can start incorporating E2E testing into your Flutter development workflow.


Happy testing!

Blog for Mobile App Developers, Testers and App Owners

 

This blog is from Finotes Team. Finotes is a lightweight mobile APM and bug detection tool for iOS and Android apps.

In this blog we talk about iOS and Android app development technologies, languages and frameworks like Java, Kotlin, Swift, Objective-C, Dart and Flutter that are used to build mobile apps. Read articles from Finotes team about good programming and software engineering practices, testing and QA practices, performance issues and bugs, concepts and techniques. 

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