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  • Writer's pictureRobin Alex Panicker

Decorator Pattern in Jetpack Compose Android Apps


Decorator Pattern in Jetpack Compose Android Apps

Jetpack Compose has revolutionized Android app development by providing a modern and declarative way to build user interfaces. One powerful design pattern that can be effectively utilized in Jetpack Compose apps is the Decorator Pattern. The Decorator Pattern allows you to dynamically add behaviors or functionalities to an object without altering its structure.


In this blog post, we will explore how to leverage the Decorator Pattern in Jetpack Compose to create flexible and extensible UI components.


Understanding the Decorator Pattern


Before we dive into using the Decorator Pattern in Jetpack Compose, let's have a brief overview of what the pattern entails.


The Decorator Pattern is a structural design pattern that allows you to attach additional responsibilities to objects dynamically. It is achieved by creating a set of decorator classes that are used to wrap concrete components. These decorators enhance the functionality of the original component while adhering to the Open-Closed Principle, which states that classes should be open for extension but closed for modification.


Implementing the Decorator Pattern in Jetpack Compose


In the context of Jetpack Compose, the Decorator Pattern can be employed to create reusable and customizable UI components. Let's walk through an example of how to use the Decorator Pattern to enhance a simple Button component in Jetpack Compose.


Step 1: Create the Base Component


We'll start by defining a basic Button component using Jetpack Compose:

@Composable
fun BaseButton(text: String, onClick: () -> Unit) {
    Button(onClick = onClick) {
        Text(text = text)
    }
}


Step 2: Create Decorators


Next, we'll create decorator functions that add additional features to the BaseButton. For this example, we'll implement two decorators: one that adds a loading indicator and another that changes the button's color.

@Composable
fun LoadingDecorator(content: @Composable () -> Unit) {
    // Add loading indicator logic here
    content()
}

@Composable
fun ColoredDecorator(color: Color, content: @Composable () -> Unit) {
    // Add color modification logic here
    content()
}


Step 3: Apply Decorators

Now, let's apply the decorators to the BaseButton:

@Composable
fun DecoratedButton(
    text: String,
    onClick: () -> Unit,
    loading: Boolean = false,
    color: Color = Color.Blue
) {
    BaseButton(text = text, onClick = onClick)
    
    if (loading) {
        LoadingDecorator {
            BaseButton(text = text, onClick = onClick)
        }
    }
    
    ColoredDecorator(color = color) {
        BaseButton(text = text, onClick = onClick)
    }
}


Step 4: Using the DecoratedButton

Finally, you can use the DecoratedButton in your UI code:

@Composable
fun MyScreen() {
    DecoratedButton(
        text = "Click me",
        onClick = { /* Handle button click */ },
        loading = true,
        color = Color.Red
    )
}


In this example, the DecoratedButton combines the functionalities provided by the LoadingDecorator and ColoredDecorator while maintaining the extensibility of the base Button.


Conclusion


The Decorator Pattern is a valuable tool in Jetpack Compose for creating modular and flexible UI components. By following the principles of the pattern, you can enhance existing components with new behaviors without altering their structure. This approach promotes code reusability, maintainability, and adheres to important software design principles.


In this blog post, we explored how to implement the Decorator Pattern in Jetpack Compose by creating a Button component and applying various decorators to it. This is just one example of how you can leverage the Decorator Pattern in your Android app development journey using Jetpack Compose. Experiment with different decorators and components to build powerful and customizable user interfaces that meet your app's requirements.


Happy coding!

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